CAMBIO DE HORARIO, ASUNTO FEDERAL

Cambio de horario en el ámbito federal.

Dependerá del Gobierno Federal y de la sociedad el cambio de huso horario para adaptarlo a la hora del Este de Estados unidos, dijo el secretario de Turismo, Juan Carlos González Hernández.

La propuesta del sector empresarial se ha estado impulsando ante la Secretaría de Turismo Federal, y se suma también el Estado de Yucatán, pero dependerá del Gobierno Federal y de la propia ciudadanía.

Sería positivo y definitivamente estarían empatando con horarios de aerolíneas que son positivas para el turismo y hay que analizarlo bien, “pero que sea una decisión consensada y evitar que haya rechazo, para ello son estos estudios que demuestren que se requiere”, dijo. Y si además contribuye a un ahorro en energía eléctrica, pues es lo mejor. Estimó que será “difícil tener la aceptación general, pero si es de una mayoría se tomará de nuevo en cuenta”.

Por la cantidad de vuelos, 60 por ciento del turismo que llega a Quintana Roo viene del Este de Estados Unidos y sería positivo tener el mismo horario. “Insisto, del sector social, y que vive del turismo, aunque no directamente, dependerá la aprobación. El sector empresarial es la más interesada pero se requiere consultarlo y no generar controversia. Los habitantes del Estado son los que decidimos, agregó, aunado a ello, el Gobernador está esperando tener mas claro estudios de viabilidad acerca del cambio de horario. “Podemos estar convencido nosotros, pero si el Gobierno Federal no está convencido no hay posibilidades, pero hay un gran interés”, aclaró. En la Conago también se puede hacer participar a los demás Gobernadores. Pero definitivamente de Quintana Roo es de donde parte del interés por este cambio, abundó.

Quintana Roo

Quintana Roo Underwater Cave Project – National Geographic

Quintana Roo Underwater Cave Project

You’ve heard the saying “There’s nothing new under the sun.”
Explorer and NGS/Waitt grantee Sam Meacham has a suggestion: Go underground.

Beneath the jungles of the Yucatan peninsula, Meacham and his team are exploring and mapping the longest underwater cave system in the world.

This year, the team of six divers—Alejandro Alvarez, Franco Attolini, Fred Devos, Christophe Le Maillot, Daniel Riordan, and Meacham—explored Sistema Ox Bel Ha, the seventh longest cave on Earth, all of it underwater. Working one week per month from January to June, they were able to explore and map more than 39,000 feet (12,000 meters) of new passageways, pushing the system beyond 112 miles (180 kilometers) in total length.

The system is an important source of freshwater for the region. But human development at the surface risks polluting the aquifer. Meacham hopes that by mapping the caves, his team can encourage more sustainable development above by showing the relationship with the caves below..

The project also has broad relevance to the sciences. Team members return with organisms that could be new species, core samples that help climatologists develop a record of environmental changes over time, and observations that are of interest to hydrologists and even archaeologists studying the ancient Maya.

Visit site and see pictures and slide show of National Geographic’s Quintana Roo Underwater Cave Project> > > > >

Tulum Real Estate Information
Tulum Real Estate Information - Información Inmobiliaria Tulum

Quintana Roo

Quintana Roo Location
Quintana Roo Location - Source Wikimedia

The youngest state in Mexico, Quintana Roo remained sparsely populated until the late 20th century when it burst onto the scene as one of Mexico’s top vacation getaways. It’s home to both Mayan ruins and resort areas like Cancun, Cozumel and Playa del Carmen.

Early History

Pre-Mayan cultures inhabited the Yucatán Peninsula as early as 3000 B.C. During the 10th century, a Mayan group known as the Itzáes migrated into the area and built the cities of Coba, Xcaret, Xel Ha and Tulum. They also founded Chichén-Itzá and Champotón nearby in what would become the state of Yucatán.

In 1502, members of Christopher Columbus’ final expedition became the first Spaniards to make contact with the inhabitants of Quintana Roo when they happened upon several native fishing boats off the coast. Nine years later, another Spanish ship came to the area and became stranded. Natives captured the survivors and killed all but two, Gonzalo Guerrero and Jerónimo de Aguilar, who were spared and assimilated into Mayan society.

Middle History

In the first quarter of the 16th century, several Spanish explorers ventured into the vicinity of Quintana Roo without establishing any settlements. One of these conquistadors was Hernán Cortés, who landed at Chetumal in 1519 and rescued Jerónimo de Aguilar eight years after his capture by the Mayans. In 1526, King Carlos V authorized Francisco de Montejo to conquer the Yucatán Peninsula. For several years, Montejo fought the Mayans on both the east and west coasts, but he failed to pacify the region and abandoned the attempt in 1535. Later, his son would meet with

Spanish Explorers
Spanish Explorers

greater success, founding the cities of Mérida and Campeche in the 1540s.

Coastal settlements came under frequent attack by pirates during the 16th and 17th centuries; Salamanca de Balacar, for example, was sacked and then abandoned in 1652. Despite the difficulties, the Spanish increased their efforts to protect their holdings because the Yucatán Peninsula offered the closest mainland ports for the valuable Caribbean islands.

When Mexico began its fight for independence from Spain in 1810, it found an ardent supporter in the young lawyer Andrés Quintana Roo, a native of Mérida. Quintana Roo was instrumental in shaping Mexico’s formal declaration of independence, and he served in a wide variety of legislative and judicial posts as the new Mexican government took shape. In recognition of his contributions, President Porfirio Díaz named the new state after Quintana Roo in 1902.

Recent History

Following Mexico’s independence from Spain, national boundaries in the Yucatán region were disputed by Guatemala (also recently independent), Belize (a colony of Great Britain) and Mexico. The issue was finally resolved by the Marshall Saint John Treaty, which established the border between Belize and Mexico on the Hondo River at the southern end of Quintana Roo.

Throughout the 19th century, the native population of the Yucatán Peninsula frequently rebelled against the Mexican government. They were finally subdued at the beginning of the 20th century, and Quintana Roo became a separate territory on November 24, 1902, by decree of President Porfirio Díaz.

The Yucatan Peninsula
The Yucatan Peninsula

When the Mexican revolution started in 1910, the population in Quintana Roo was deeply divided. Those who held most of the political and economic power supported Díaz, but the Mayan descendants took up arms against the Díaz government. Although the Mexican army overpowered most of the indigenous rebels, it lost the larger war waged by Emiliano Zapata, Pancho Villa, Francisco I. Madero and others. When Díaz was overthrown, Madero appointed General Manuel Sanchez as the new Quintana Roo governor, removing Díaz’s protégé, General Ignacio Bravo.

From 1914 to 1934, Quintana Roo was integrated with Yucatán several times. It was finally made an independent entity by President Lázaro Cárdenas, who served as president of Mexico from 1934 to 1940.

Quintana Roo Today

In the early 1970s (about the same time that Quintana Roo achieved statehood), Cancún, Isla Mujeres and Cozumel began to rapidly develop as tourist destinations.

Until 1970, Cancún was a small fishing settlement of about 100 Mayan descendants. Then, after a three-year study by the Mexican government and private interests, the area was selected as the site for an international vacation center. A building boom in the 1980s transformed Cancún into a major resort for tourists from the United States, Europe and elsewhere.

Cancun Quintana Roo
Cancun Quintana Roo - Source http://senderodepaz.files.wordpress.com

The Cancún area has expanded during the last decade, tailoring its attractions to many types of tourists. While Cancún features busy luxury hotels and beaches, the quieter, more relaxed atmosphere of Isla Mjueres is just a 20-minute ferry ride away. The ecological theme parks of Xel Ha and Xcaret offer natural trails, underground rivers, aquariums, a butterfly pavilion and Mayan traditional dance demonstrations, while Playa del Carmen boasts a classy European-style nightlife.

Annual events draw visitors from around the world every year. Each spring during the week before Ash Wednesday, the Carnaval offers parties, parades and dancing. In May, a jazz festival provides free concerts showcasing world-famous musicians like Wynton Marsalis. November brings the World Cup Triathlon, where elite athletes compete in a grueling contest of swimming, cycling and running.

Despite the substantial growth in tourism, Quintana Roo contributes just 1.34 percent of the national gross domestic product, ranking it at 24 among 31 states. Tourism accounts for 91 percent of the state’s economy. After tourism, the most significant industries are agriculture, livestock, forestry, beekeeping and fishing.

Facts and Figures

Capital: Chetumal
Major Cities (population): Cancún (572,973) Chetumal (219,763) Playa del Carmen (135,589) Cozumel (73,193) Felipe Carrillo Puerto (65,373)
Size/Area: 19,387 square miles
Population: 1,135,309 (2005 Census)
Year of statehood: 1974

Fun Facts

Quintana Roo’s coat of arms uses stylized images to represent natural features. At the top is the sun whose rays correspond to the state’s municipalities. In the upper left corner of the shield, a snail’s spiral signifies earth. To the

Quintana Roo Coat of Arms - Source Wikimedia
Quintana Roo Coat of Arms - Source Wikimedia

right, a star stands for heaven. The large panel at the bottom displays the Mayan symbol for wind. Thus, the four Mayan elements are represented: Day (sun), Night (star), Earth (snail) and Wind (three triangles).
In 1902, the territory was named after a well-known lawyer, Andrés Quintana Roo, who was born in the city of Mérida in the neighboring state of Yucatán. He and his wife, Doña Leona Vicario, supported Mexico’s fight for independence.
Even though Quintana Roo achieved statehood relatively recently, it has rapidly become a popular tourist destination, with attractions such as Cancún, Cozumel and the Mayan ruins at Tulum, Kohunlich and Cobá.

Cancún is Mayan for nest of vipers.
The state’s abundant fauna include deer, monkeys, manatees and alligators. This diversity arises from Quintana Roo’s four distinct ecosystems: the reef, the forest, the savannah and the mangrove.
The Museo Casa Maya, a free ecological park in Cancún, houses spider monkeys, alligators, iguanas and sea turtles. The park also displays replicas of Mayan statues.
The Palancar coral reefs were discovered by marine explorer Jacques Cousteau off the island of Cozumel in 1961; he subsequently proclaimed Palancar to be one of the world’s best places for scuba diving.
Landmarks

Mayan Sites

Coba Pyramid
Coba Pyramid in Tulum Quinatana Roo Mexico

Cobá is home to several large temple pyramids. The tallest, known as Nohoch Mul, is 42 meters (138 feet) high. Most of Cobá’s major construction is believed to have been completed between 500 and 900 A.D. The majority of the hieroglyphic inscriptions date from the 7th century.

Beaches

Cancún and Cozumel are the most developed, most popular beaches in Mexico. With 4 million visitors each year, Cancún is by far Mexico’s most-visited seaside destination.

The cities of the Riviera Maya–Playa del Carmen, Isla Mujeres, Tulum and Cozumel–offer a variety of attractions that appeal to different types of tourists. While Playa del Carmen is known for its beautiful beaches and lavish

Tankah Beach in Tulum Quintana Roo
Tankah Beach in Tulum Quintana Roo

accommodations and restaurants and attracts an upscale European clientele, Isla Mujeres, only a 20-minute boat ride from Cancún, provides a refuge for people seeking a more relaxed environment.

Cozumel, a much larger island than Isla Mujeres, measures about 38 kilometers (30 miles) in length and 16 kilometers (10 miles) in width. Its famous coral reefs make it one of the most popular destinations for scuba diving in the Mexican Caribbean.

Ecological Reserves

The Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve, a small ecotourism and education center, is located near the Mayan Ruins of Tulum, south of Cancún. The reserve seeks to promote sustainable development in sensitive tropical ecosystems.

Sian Kahan in Tulum Quintana Roo
Sian Kahan in Tulum Quintana Roo

Source/Fuente: History.Com

Tulum Real Estate Information
Tulum Real Estate Information - Información Inmobiliaria Tulum